Monday, March 31, 2008

Check Existence of BookMark using VBA (Word VBA)

Find BookMarks using VBA

BookMarks are vital in Word. However, when you look for a particular bookmark using VBA, it will cease to exist causing 5101 - This bookmark does not exist error.

To avoid this it is better to use Exists Method to check if the Bookmark exist.

Sub Check_If_BookMark_Exists()

If ActiveDocument.Bookmarks.Exists("TempBKMK") = True Then
ActiveDocument.Bookmarks("TempBKMK").Range.Text = "Something"
End If

End Sub

Exists method determines whether the specified bookmark or task exists. Returns True if the bookmark or task exists


  1. Anonymous9:29 AM

    Thanks a lot! Just what I was looking for, and it worked like a charm.

  2. Anonymous11:28 AM

    Thank you so much. I needed this due to newly corrupted bookmarks and had been futile-ly trying things for hours till I found this. You have helped me immensely.
    John D.

  3. Anonymous5:23 AM

    I have extend this code with some other snippets to check for broken Bookmarks and URLs.
    Here the code, some people might finf it useful:


    Option Explicit

    Private Declare Function IsValidURL Lib "urlmon" (ByVal pBC As Long, _
    url As Byte, ByVal dwReserved As Long) As Long
    Sub x()
    ' x Macro
    ' Macro recorded 7/19/2007 by David Chinell
    Dim objWorkRange As Range
    Dim objField As Field
    Dim aryCode() As String
    Dim strFileName As String
    Dim AllLinksValid As Boolean

    ' Set this to handle bad file formats

    On Error Resume Next

    ' Work from the current insertion point down

    Set objWorkRange = ActiveDocument.Range
    objWorkRange.Start = Selection.Start

    ' Find all the hyperlinks
    AllLinksValid = True
    For Each objField In objWorkRange.Fields
    ' For each hyperlink, split out the filename
    If objField.Type = wdFieldHyperlink Then

    aryCode = Split(objField.Code, """")
    strFileName = aryCode(1)
    ' Test whether the file exists

    If ActiveDocument.Bookmarks.Exists(strFileName) <> True Then
    If Not ValidURL(strFileName) Then
    ' The file is missing
    AllLinksValid = False
    Exit For
    End If
    End If
    End If
    Next objField

    Set objWorkRange = Nothing

    If AllLinksValid Then
    MsgBox _
    Prompt:="All links and bookmarks are valid!" & vbNewLine, _
    Buttons:=vbInformation, _
    Title:="LazyButt Tools"
    Else: _
    MsgBox Prompt:="This link is invalid:" & _
    vbNewLine & strFileName _
    , Buttons:=vbInformation _
    , Title:="LazyButt Tools"
    End If

    End Sub

    Function ValidURL(ByVal url As String) As Boolean

    Dim b() As Byte

    ' We need this because we're passing a Unicode string
    b = url & vbNullChar

    If IsValidURL(0, b(0), 0) = 0 Then
    ValidURL = True ' valid URL
    ValidURL = False ' invalid URL
    End If

    End Function

  4. Actually I was looking for exactly this - to check for broken links using VBA. Thanks to the 'Anonymous' who posted it

  5. Anonymous6:44 AM

    Wow, what a valuable code, thanks Henrik!


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